Azuma, Eiichiro.  Between Two Empires, Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America.  Oxford UP, 2005. 


Daniels, Roger.  Asian America: Chinese and Japanese in the United States since 1850.  U of Washington P,  1988. 


Daniels, Roger.  The Politics of Prejudice: The Anti-Japanese Movement in California and the Struggle for Japanese Exclusion.  2nd ed,

     U of California P, 1999. 


Hata, Donald Teruo. “Undesirables”: Early Immigrants and the Anti-Japanese Movement in San Francisco, 1892-1893, Prelude to Exclusion.

     Arno Press, 1978.


Ichioka, Yuji.  The Issei: The World of the First Generation Japanese Immigrants, 1885-1924.  The Free P/Collier Macmillan, 1988. 

Ichioka, Yuji.  Before Internment: Essays in Prewar Japanese American History. edited by Gordon H. Chang and Eiichiro Azuma, Stanford UP,


Irons, Peter H. Justice at War: The Story of the Japanese American Internment Cases. Oxford UP, 1983.


Ito, Kazuo.  Issei: A History of Japanese Immigrants in North America. Executive Committee for Publication of Issei, 1973. 


Iwata, Masakazu. Planted in Good Soil: A History of the Issei in United States Agriculture. American University Studies Series 9.  Peter Lang,



Kikumura-Yano, Akemi.  Promises Kept: The Life of an Issei Man.  Chandler and Sharp, 1991. 

Steiner, Jesse Frederick. Behind the Japanese Mask.  Macmillan Company, 1943.


Fugita, Stephen, and Marilyn Fernandez. Altered Lives, Enduring Community: Japanese Americans Remember their World War II

     Incarceration. U of Washington P, 2004.  


Harris, Catherine Embree. Dusty Exile: Looking Back at Japanese Relocation During World War II. Mutual Publishing, 1999.


Hartlep, Nicholas Daniel and Daniel P. Scott. Asian/American Curricular Epistemicide: From Being Excluded to Becoming a Model Minority.

     Sense Publishers, 2016. 


Inouye, Karen M.  The Long Afterlife of Nikkei Wartime Incarceration.  Stanford UP, 2016. 


Ishizuka, Karen L., and Japanese American National Museum. Lost and Found: Reclaiming the Japanese American Incarceration. U of

     Illinois P, 2007. 


Robinson, Greg.  After Camp: Portraits in Midcentury Japanese American Life and Politics.  U of California P, 2012.