U.S. Congressional Serial Set
Database of texts from the bound, sequentially numbered volumes of all the reports, documents, and journals of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives. Texts constitute a rich source of primary source material on all aspects of American history.
Includes a browse topic for "Japanese-American internment in the U.S. (1942-1945)" that includes some powerful full-text documents the reflects the mentality of the early 1940s.
Statutes at Large
The Alien Enemies Act of 1789 (1 Statutes at Large 577)
States that “ all natives, citizens, denizens, or subject of the hostile nation or government….shall be liable to be apprehended, restrained, secured and removed, as alien enemies” was the basis of FDR’s Presidential Proclamation 2525 (Dec. 7, 1941), (3 Code of Federal Regulations 117) which identified Japanese-Americans as alien enemies.
Identified Japanese-Americans as alien enemies.
Authorized the evacuation of all persons deemed a threat to national security from the West Coast to relocation centers further inland.
Ordered the creation of the War Relocation Authority.
Granted Japanese American internees and their families an official apology and $20,000 in compensation for each surviving internee.
Supreme Court Cases
Spicer, Edward H., editor. United States. War Relocation Authority. Impounded People: Japanese-Americans in the Relocation
Centers. GPO, 1946. U of Arizona P, 1969, 2016.
United States. Army. Western Defense Command and Fourth Army. Final report, Japanese evacuation from the West coast, 1942.
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1943.
This report is based on personal accounts and historical documents from witnesses who lived through the reprehensible Japanese American internment period. The findings helped encourage the Congress to pass the Civil Liberties Act, and apologize to Japanese Americans affected by the internment period.
United States. Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. Personal justice denied : report of the Commission
on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians : report for the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs by George Miller,
chairman. Washington : U.S. Government .Printing.Office, 1992.
United States. War Relocation Authority. The Evacuated People: A Quantitative Description. GPO, 1946.
United States. War Relocation Authority. The Wartime Handling of Evacuee Property. GPO, 1946.
Wyatt, Barbara, National Historic Landmarks Program (U.S.), United States. National Park Service. Japanese Americans in World
War II. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Historic Landmarks Survey, National Register, History and Education, 2012.